The controversy around the usefulness of compression stockings during athletic running performance continues.
A recent study conducted with affiliates of the Camilo José Cela University, Madrid, Spain revealed that compression stockings did neither improve running performance nor prevent muscle damage during a marathon.
The study consisted of a relatively small group of 34 participants who were experienced runners. With a random 50/50 split one group was wearing below knee length compression stockings, while the control group was given ordinary socks to wear.
The extent of muscle fiber damage was determined with blood samples, taken before and after the race, comparing blood markers measuring the concentrations of serum myoglobin and creatine kinase.
The results showed no differences between the control group and the compression stockings group. In conclusion it was determined that wearing compression stockings during long-distance marathon events is not an effective way to prevent muscle damage.
A more detailed report of this study can be found in the JOSPT (Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy)
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